domingo, 23 de novembro de 2008

Alan Influence in Western Iberia

"The continued existence of several Alan place names in Spain also suggests that Alan influence was not completely erased by Visigothic domination. As late as 575 Orense, a part of Galicia where the Alans are known to have flourished with imperial support until about 428-429, was controlled by a senior loci with the very Alan-sound name of Aspidius. The asp- element derives from the Iranian word from horse as exemplified in the name of the famous East Roman Alan general Aspar. Aspidius may have been a Latinized form of the Iranian name or perhaps of the name as they appear in the Greek form"Bachrach: 1973, 98
A History of the Alans in the West: From Their First Appearance in the Sources of Classical Antiquity Through the Early Middle Ages. Bernard S. Bachrach. U of Minnesota Press, 1973ISBN 0816606781, 978081660678.8,M1

Manuel Alberro supports this idea in his article “Los Alanos in Gallaecia …” (Gallaecia, Year 2004, N° 23, 301-329). (John Biclar, Chron.,s,a. 575, Thompson 1962:62)

Isn’t it a coincidence that the only J1b M365+ found in Galicia, the only one found in NW Spain is located exactly in… Ourense (or Orense) ! (FTDNA, 82640)

In the Cambridge Medieval History, Volume II, 1913 Aspidius is even quoted as “King”.“that mountainous district known as Aregenses, situated in what is now the province of Orense, and of which a certain Aspidius was king” A group of Alans settled in Northern Gaul. Sources on the Alans: A Critical Compilation. Agustí Alemany. BRILL, 2000. Could be the distant origin of the Belgium case of J1b M365+ ?
And the bulk of the Iberian Alans settled in Lusitania under the command of Respendial and Attaces, “Lusitania Rex” and could be the explanation of the Portuguese J1b M365+ cases around the world. Given the distribution of the Portuguese J1b haplotypes, that could be perhaps an indication of an Iranian speaking Alan genetic signature associated or not to some cases of alpha males or just fellow travellers in Western Iberia ? The first idea of a Kingdom in Western Iberia (even in Western Europe after the Roman Empire) would be an invention of the Alans. BERNARDO de Braga, O.S.B. ?-1605, Tratado sobre a precedencia do Reino de Portugal ao Reino de Napoles.

A haplotype with absolutely no Y DNA matches and absolutely no recent ancestral origins listed at the FTDNA database (any other case has been found xJ1b?) can be considered rare and unique and it's the obvious result of a rare and unique event because in the last 4000 years almost all clusters and haplotypes have experienced a kind of star like growth distributed over contiguous territories with different frequencies. When I see that there are some haplotypes with hundreds or even thousands of matches at the databases I realize that my haplotype is unique and rare and most probably it's associated to a unique and rare event that was the opening of a passage (a dimensional portal) between Eastern Anatolia/the Caucasus/the Caspian Sea and Western Iberia in another extreme of Europe. All other J haplotypes and clades are more or less evenly distributed in a contiguous area with a regular gradient of genetic distances. A haplotype generally has a continuum matching of haplotypes in terms of genetic distances in a territorial continuum of frequencies. If you can't find matches and there's not a territorial continuity then the haplotype must be associated to a rare and unique event that caused its existence in completely different and distant small hot spots. The Central Arena of Eurasia is the circle between Anatolia-Armenia-Caucasus and the Northern Levant, that's a tough space to survive and prevail and no Y DNA haplogroup or language could be hegemonic there for a long time. Probably the only possible dimensional gate that linked Western Iberia with this Central Arena was the rare and unique event of the Hunnic invasions and the Fall of the Western Roman Empire, when a fierce group could cross the entire continent of Europe from one edge to another. If my calculus is correct J1b shall be found in small rural and remotes places in Western Iberia and in the Brazilian demographic boom of the last centuries where finally J1b has found a big new world full of space.

Alan Light Cavalry in an imaginary representation
Pro Deo et Rege

So It seems that J1b M365+ does not like the Mediterranean Sea

No J1b M365 known haplotype (DYS393=13, DYS390=22, DYS19=15) has ever been found in the Mediterranean populations databases. Not only in the FTDNA Projects, including the J Project, neither in several scientific articles with supplemental data.

That's also a case of negative validation, No J1b haplotype was found in these articles:

- Identifying Genetic Traces of Historical Expansions: Phoenician Footprints in the Mediterranean. Pierre A. Zalloua et al (2008)
- Analysis of Y-chromosomal SNP haplogroups and STR haplotypes in an Algerian population sample. C. Robino et al (2008)
- Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in Berber and Arabic-speaking populations from Morocco. Forensic Sci Int. 140:113–115. Quintana-Murci L, Bigham A, Rouba H, Barakat A, McElreavey
K, Hammer M (2004)
- The Y chromosome pool of Jews as part of the genetic landscape of the Middle East. Am J Hum Genet 69:1095–1112. Nebel A, Filon D, Brinkmann B, Majumder PP, Faerman M,
Oppenheim A (2001)