domingo, 30 de agosto de 2009

Haplotypes are social beings

Haplotypes are social beings and they are in bands, company of persons, joined, acting, or functioning together; aggregation; party; trooped at regular genetic distances from each other and from other groups.

Genetic Distances (SMGF methodology) of presumed J1b M365 haplotypes
Brazilian/Portuguese-Northern Iranian connection
SMGF Iranian: Tehran, Abadeh, Astane, Shahrood
SMGF Brazilian: Gonçalves, Cordeiro de Melo
SMGF Reunion-Portuguese: Ferrere

Iranian-Tehran presumed J1b haplotype (Y Search FSVWG):
Cordeiro de Melo 26/32 - 50% Cumulative Probability 47 generations – 1457 years
Gonçalves 30/37
Iranian-Abadeh 30/37
Ferrere 29/37
Iranian-Astane 27/36
Iranian-Shahrood 26/37

Iranian-Abadeh presumed J1b haplotype (Y Search XVMBC):
Gonçalves 31/37
Ferrere 30/37
Iranian-Tehran 30/37
Cordeiro de Melo 26/32
Iranian-Astane 28/36
Iranian-Shahrood 29/37

Iranian-Astane presumed J1b haplotype (Y Search 2Y5SH):
Iranian-Shahrood 29/35
Iranian-Abadeh 28/36
Ferrere 27/35
Gonçalves 27/35
Iranian-Tehran 27/36
Cordeiro de Melo 23/30

Iranian-Shahrood presumed J1b haplotype (Y Search 9MS3E):
Iranian-Astane 29/36
Iranian-Abadeh 28/36
Cordeiro de Melo 22/31

FTDNA J1b SNP tested

FTDNA Ricardo Costa de Oliveira Brazil, Barcelos – Portugal (Y Search 2CUZQ):
Dominguez 59/67
Ferrere 24/28
Cordeiro de Melo 20/25
Gonçalves 22/28
Iranian-Tehran 22/28 – 50% Cumulative Probability 48 generations – 1488 years
Iranian-Abadeh 22/28

FTDNA Dominguez – USA, Galicia – Spain (Y Search PRJ9T):
Oliveira FTDNA 59/67
Cordeiro de Melo 24/25
Gonçalves 25/28
Ferrere 25/28
Iranian-Abadeh 24/28
Iranian-Tehran 23/28
Iranian-Shahrood 22/28
Iranian-Astane 21/27

Expected J1b M365 network
Y Search comparisons from Ferrere:
X6P7G Ferrere Reunion Unknown Other – Sorenson

Ferrere to the Western Iberian/Brazilian cluster:

PRJ9T Dominguez Castro, Ourense, Galicia, Spain J1b (tested) Family Tree DNA 32/3
R7SHE Cordeiro de Melo Santana do Livramento, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Unknown Other - Sorenson 28/4
2CUZQ Oliveira Sao Romao de Milhazes, Barcelos, Portugal J1b (tested) Family Tree DNA 32/5
6WQMH Gonçalves Imaruí, Santa Catarina, Brazil Unknown Other - Sorenson 32/4

Ferrere to the Northern Iranian cluster:

2Y5SH SMGF Iranian - Astane Astane, Iran Unknown Other - SMGF 28/7
9MS3E SMGF - Iranian - Shahrood Shahrood , Iran Unknown Other - SMGF 32/8
FSVWG Iranian-Tehran -Iran Unknown Other - SMGF 32/9
XVMBC SMGF Iran - Abadeh Fars Unknown Other - SMGF 32/9

Ferrere to the various mini-haplotypes:

CDYQR HP 406 Brazil Unknown Other 15/3
QFBX9 YHRD - Rasht - Gilaki - Iran Iran Unknown Other - YHRD 15/4
38EUZ Haplótipo 389 Portugal Unknown Other 14/2
K3SMV Sardinha Ilha de São Miguel, Azores Unknown Family Tree DNA 12/1
E9YYJ Cuylaerts TURNHOUT, Belgium J1b (tested) Family Tree DNA 12/6
6URZK YHRD possible M365 - Azores/Rio de Janeiro/Turkey Unknown Other - YHRD 9/1
22RY7 YHRD - Caceres - Spain Caceres, Spain Unknown Other - YHRD 9/3
YTHMV Haplótipo 168 Turkey J1b (tested) Other - Cengiz Cinnioglu 9/4

Ricardo Costa de Oliveira

sábado, 22 de agosto de 2009

Iranian, Portuguese, Brazilian SMGF haplotypes

The Ferrere Family from Reunion is Ferreira, from Lisbon, Portugal. They immigrated to Reunion in the 18th century.

FERRERE, Joachim
Sexe: Masculin Naissance : 11 mars 1726 à Lisbonne, PORTUGAL
Décès : 9 novembre 1787 à St Paul, REUNION, FRANCE
Père: FERRERA, Custadio Di
Mère: SANTOS, Domingas Dos

Famille:Mariage: 2 octobre 1747 à St Paul, REUNION, FRANCE

LAUTRET, Catherine Sexe: Féminin
Naissance : 2 octobre 1722 à St Paul, REUNION, FRANCE
Décès : 26 juin 1786 à St Paul, REUNION, FRANCE
Père: LAUTRET, Francois
Mère: TOUCHARD, Marie

The Alans conquered and settled in parts of Iberia and Lusitania in 409/410. All documented historical sources name the group as Alans.

An original contemporary source, Hydatius Chronicle:


XV. Alani, et Wandali, et Suevi Hispanias ingressi aera CCCCXLVII, alii quarto kalendas, alii tertio idus Octobris memorant die, tertia feria, Honorio VIII et Theodosio Arcadii filio III consulibus

XVII. Subversis memorata plagarum grassatione Hispaniae provinciis, barbari ad pacem ineundam, Domino miserante conversi, sorte ad inhabitandum sibi provinciarum dividunt regiones. Gallaeciam Wandali occupant et Suevi, sitam in extremitate Oceani maris occidua. Alani Lusitaniam et Carthaginiensem provincias, et Wandali cognomine Silingi Baeticam sortiuntur. Hispani per civitates et castella residui a plagis, barbarorum per provincias dominantium se subjiciunt servituti.

XXII. (Olymp. CCXCIX.) Ataulfus a patricio Constantio pulsatus, ut relicta Narbona Hispanias peteret, per quemdam Gothum apud Barcinonam [Ms. Barcelonam] inter familiares fabulas jugulatur. Cui succedens Wallia in regno, cum patricio Constantio pace mox facta, Alanis et Wandalis Silingis, in Lusitania et Baetica sedentibus adversatur.

Hydatius or Idacius (c. 400— c. 469), bishop of Aquae Flaviae in the Roman province of Gallaecia (almost certainly the modern Chaves, Portugal, in the modern district of Vila Real) was the author of a chronicle of his own times that provides us with our best evidence for the history of Hispania in the 5th century.

So the Alans in Western Iberia were one specific group of the Northern Iranian speaking languages related to the Sarmatians, Scythians, Massagetae, all related but with specific histories and locations. A very good book that we can read extracts is "Sources on the Alans: a critical compilation" Agustí Alemany.

Claudius Marius Victor wrote in his poem Alethia about the primitive religion of the Alans making of sacrifices to the spirit’s of one’s ancestors and mentions that swords figured prominently in the religion of the ancient Alans as well
"A History of the Alans in the West", Bernard S. Bachrach

sexta-feira, 21 de agosto de 2009

More Iranian haplotypes at the SMGF database

Three more Iranian J1b possible haplotypes at the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation.

The locations:

Astane, Gilan Province, Northern Iran, close to the Caspian Sea. Y Search - 2X5SH

Shahrood, Semnan Province, Northern Iran, close to the Caspian Sea. Y Search - 9MS3E

Abadeh, Fars with connections with Lahijan, Gilan, also in the North. Y Search - XVMBC

The modal connecting Iranian and Portuguese haplotypes:

The mentioned motif is so rare that absolutely no case was found in the recent paper “Coastal-inland differences in Y chromosomes of the Levant”. Hundreds and hundreds of haplotypes from the Levant and absolutely no J1b modal haplotype was found in that study.
The J1b M365 haplotypes and candidates

domingo, 9 de agosto de 2009

Mexican candidate J1b haplotype

The first Mexican candidate J1b haplotype

Y Search 49S86 with the distinctive Western Iberian J1b haplotype
DYS 19 = 15
DYS 390 = 22
DYS 393 = 13
DYS 385 = 12,19
DYS 458 = 18 (probably 18,2 - no ,2 was tested in the Mexican batch)

n of N - 1 of 163
Geoposition [Population] - Guadalajara, Mexico [Mestizo]
Metapopulation - Admixed
Continent - Latin America

It`s a completely isolated haplotype, no neighbour or any other match in Mexico, what could mean a possible Colonial Portuguese immigrant or a Colonial Spaniard from Galicia or Extremadura with the Western Iberian or Western Alan J1b motif
No other J1b was ever found in the FTDNA Mexican Project with a good number of tests.

Latest J1 Y chromosome tree as 7/aug/2009

The J1 Y chromosome tree has been improved and detailed as a result of the FTDNA WTY (Walk Through the Y) Project: