sábado, 4 de outubro de 2008

Hyrcania, New-Found Connection

October's YHRD new release of haplotypes revealed samples of DNA from the Southern Caspian Sea peoples, a region known in ancient times as Hyrcania, the ancient state in the north of Iran . The southern shores of the Caspian Sea (Hyrcanian Sea) are the Iranian provinces of Gilan and Mazandaran.


The J1b M365+ "genetic signature" (the distinct DYS 393=13, 390=22, 19=15 and the J1 indicator 458=18,2) has been found there:

1/47 (one in 47 tested) - Rasht, Gilaki, Iran
1/50 (one in 50 tested)- Sari, Mazandarani, Iran

19 – 389I – 389II – 390 – 391 – 392 – 393 – 385 – 438 – 439 – 437 – 448 - -456 – 458 – 635– GATA H4:
15 – 13 – 29 – 22 – 10 – 11 – 13 – 12,20 – 10 – 11 – 14 – 20 – 15 – 18,2 – 21 -10 Rasht, Gilaki, Iran
15 – 13 – 29 – 22 – 10 – 11 – 13 – 12,12 – 10 – 11 – 14 – 20 – 15 – 18,2 – 20 -10 Sari, Mazandarani, Iran

I keep the Alan’s hypothesis as the source of J1b presence in Portugal and in Brazil, the Alans were an Iranian nomadic group !

The Alans have been in Hyrcania, according to Josephus:

Now there was a nation of the Alans, which we have formerly mentioned some where as being Scythians and inhabiting at the lake Meotis. This nation about this time laid a design of falling upon Media, and the parts beyond it, in order to plunder them; with which intention they treated with the king of Hyrcania; for he was master of that passage which king Alexander [the Great] shut up with iron gates. This king gave them leave to come through them; so they came in great multitudes, and fell upon the Medes unexpectedly, and plundered their country, which they found full of people, and replenished with abundance of cattle, while nobody durst make any resistance against them; for Paeorus, the king of the country, had fled away for fear into places where they could not easily come at him, and had yielded up every thing he had to them, and had only saved his wife and his concubines from them, and that with difficulty also, after they had been made captives, by giving them a hundred talents for their ransom. These Alans therefore plundered the country without opposition, and with great ease, and proceeded as far as Armenia, laying all waste before them


What is remarkable is that apparently J1b M365+ can be found only in regions impacted and crossed by the Alans. The genetic distance of all haplotypes is relatively tightly closed from Hyrcania to old Roman Gallaecia in Northwestern Iberia, almost the same haplotype covering big geographical distances and centuries of separation from the common tribal source, but showing little genetic distance revealing a recognizable distinct homogeneous pattern with minimal differences in spite of the space and ages trekked.

Up-to-dated Haplotypes:


Up-to-dated J1b Map


Um comentário:

Simoes Lopes disse...

Muito interessante o seu blog, Ricardo! Vai além da Genealogia, e "transborda" para outros temas que eu particularmente gosto, como Paleontologia, História, Genética Populacional, e até Cinologia.