sexta-feira, 26 de novembro de 2010

Bandeirantes & Indian Ancestors

Another view from the first American experience in the 1500's
1 - The Amerindian genetic mark is a central element in the first and principal families of the American Continent.
2 - The Amerindian genetic mark represents the continuation of the old Amerindian structures of power and the formation of the main connections of antiquity in the land as a high status symbol of the new American nobility or American gentry created in the New World.
3 - Tribal daughters, named and documented real Amerindian "princesses", were the key element, the zero degree point of the American conventional genealogy. The conquerors, founders and the first colonists in the making of America in the 1500's and 1600's are listed, narrated and described in the oldest written genealogies.
4 - The demographic explosion of the first American settlers. The territorial expansion and the big mass European migration. The Amerindian genetic mark became a genetic souvenir and a heritage. As the article said: "We don't look Indian by any means, but to feel that, you get a sense of how varied and rich your culture can be..."
5 - The Europeization of the American population. The first mixed American Elite related to tribal chiefs and the first navigators and discoverers is the social, economic, ethnic, political, cultural and moral basis of the new ruling class. The first families and the land are one.
6 - It's extremely rare to keep the first Colonial founder Amerindian mark in the subsequent Europeization of the continent. The Europeization of the entire population as in parts of North America, Southern Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay or the Europeization of the elites as in some parts like Rio de Janeiro. After five centuries of European migration to America only some endogamic social groups can keep and preserve a small amount of the first Colonial Amerindian autosomal DNA (detected as 1-4% in labs like 23andMe) or keep Amerindian mtDNA structured from long matrilocal lineages of the first American historical power elites. That's the original Amerindian mtDNA coming from the Casa Grande, the matrons, the matriarchs, the old American dames with very ancient and deep roots in the land and established conventional genealogies in the elites.
7 - The colonization of Brazil and the creation of a new authentic Brazilian warrior nobility/elite of mixed origins, the Bandeirantes from São Paulo de Piratininga, where the pre-Columbian tribal Tupi chief Tibiriçá is buried under the crypt of the oldest and most important temple of the city of São Paulo, the first family and the first genealogy of Salvador da Bahia, os Caramurús and the mixed family of the Albuquerque Maranhão, from Pernambuco. All had extreme high status ranking in the Portuguese Empire and they were the Comandos of the military expansion of Brazil in wars against the Spanish, French and Dutch Empires in the incessant South American wars of the 1500's, 1600's and 1700's. Perhaps Pocahontas in Virginia, North America, could have a similar history to the raising of the Brazilian Colonial elite. In Mexico, Quebec, Paraguay and in other parts similar social Euro-American elites had been created with more or less success in the creation of new ethno-national States in the American continent.
8 - In the early 1800's the slaver aristocratic project of the Ancient Regime survived only in Brazil, in the Southern United States and in some remanescent islands of the Spanish Empire like Cuba and Puerto Rico. In the 19th century only Brazil kept the African traffic until 1850 and the slavery until 1888. After the ancient power of Imperial Rome, Imperial Brazil was the world's biggest slaveholder society ruled by a new local nobility and a new population created with big Amerindian and African populational stocks.
9 - Anyway the small Amerindian component is a must to a classical Brazilian genealogy coming from the 1500's, 1600's, o "Sainete Brasílico" is a comprobatory document for the Brazilian old stock "Quinhentão".

Sometimes the Brazilian Amerindian mtDNA could get access to the top Nobility in Portugal too. The Marquês de Pombal, an 18th century Portuguese powerful statesman had a Brazilian Amerindian mtDNA from the early 1500's (Genealogias Clássicas). He was related to Pernambuco's Albuquerque de Maranhão family, a top mixed family from the first Brazilian nobility, Conquistadores do Maranhão. The Marquis of Pombal abolished the differences between Old Christians and New Christians and he abolished or diminished the Amerindian slavery in Brazil and recognized the Indians as subjects of the Empire

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